A New Specific Department of the Pontifical Marian Academy Is Devoted to Combatting Phenomena Where Figure of Blessed Mother Is Manipulated by Organized Crime Pope Francis stressed this in his recent message, dated Aug. 15, 2020, the Feast of the Blessed Mother's Assumption, in a letter to Fr. Stefano Cecchin, President of the Pontifical International Marian Academy, which recently created a department to specifically study criminal and mafia phenomena, with the goal of "freeing the figure of Our Lady from the in- fluence of criminal organizations." On Friday, Sept. 18, at the Museo della Civilta in the EUR business dis- trict of Rome, a conference or 'morning of study' was held to welcome the Pope's invitation and examine this. Moderated by TV2000 personality, Fabio Bolzetta, various important speakers and experts addressed the theme, to a private audience full primarily of experts and ambassadors to the Holy See. ZENIT English was among the invitees. Pope St. John Paul II, Bolzetta recalled, launched similar appeals against the mafia and to protect Mary, citing his address on May 9, 1993, in Agrigento, Sicily. Speaking off the cuff, the Polish Pope denounced the Mafia as promoting a "a culture of death, profoundly inhuman, anti-Gos- pel, an enemy of human dignity and civil peace." "In the name of Christ," St. Pope John Paul II said, "I say to those responsible: Convert! One day you will face the judgment of God!". It is noteworthy too that the Polish Pope "John Paul II was a great friend of our academy", as underlined by the President of the Pontifical Internatio- nal Marian Academy, Father Stefano Cecchin, at the start of the event. Then he read Pope Francis' letter, as well as one from President of the Republic of Italy, Sergio Mattarella. In his message to the Academy, Pope Francis stresses that "Marian devotion is a religious-cultural heritage to be safeguarded in its original purity, freeing it from superstructures, powers or conditions that do not meet the evangelical criteria of justice, freedom, honesty and solidarity." Therefore the Pontiff adds that "it is necessary that the style of the Marian manifestations be in conformity with the message of the Gospel and the teachings of the Church." According to Father Cecchin, "Marian devotion is not just formal religiosity, but above all, Marian devotion is above all an imitation of Mary". "But to imitate Mary one must first know her," he noted, saying, for this reason, he toured many sanctuaries around the world. "We have all had the experience of passing from the womb to a woman. This unites us and this also Jesus wanted to live. The academy must be like the house of the holy family, says Francis, where Jesus grew up in wisdom and grace." "Growing up," the academic admitted, "I did not know the problem of the mafias and Maria." Noting many charlatans "use people's feelings, but also their difficulties, they manipulate people's feelings and consciences," he said, "They propose a mute Maria who stays at home, subject to the mafia boss, and God blesses the actions of the mafia." "The Gospel instead presents Mary as an intelligent woman," he underscored. Father Gian Matteo Roggio, Director of the Department, stressed that this department "does not want to replace the existing ones, nor seek visibility, but does instead wish to make visible those engaged in this service, offering them a place to meet and exchange ideas and knowledge, which is a service to both the civil and the ecclesial communities" "We turn to young people because young people are a privileged target of crime organizations," Roggio said, noting they are often scouted because they need money. "But since the fight against the mafia is a work of education," he highlighted, "we cater to adults above all," as adults design the economic system. "We want to create educational paths that concern the concreteness of life," Fr Roggio concluded. Even the Substitute Attorney General of Italy's Supreme Court, Ste- fano Tocci, stressed how "fundamental" it is to "culturally contrast" mafia phenomenon. "The mafia is not fought only in court, or with repression," he said. The department will focus on various areas, intended to interact among one another, including autochthonous and foreign mafias, national and international terrorism, gender-based violence, eco-mafia, juvenile distress, prevention of drug use by young people and crimes against humanity. The headquarters will be inside the Pontifical Antonianum University. Activities and documents wi ll be shared on a digital platform. "This is meant to be just another analysis tool available to everyone," the Academy director said. But the newly-instituted department, Bolzetta summarized "will not be just an observatory, the purpose is to act." The event ended with the solemn delivery of the appointment parchment to all the members of the department. The Pontifical Internatio- nal Marian Academy was founded in 1946 by Father Carlo Bali?, OFM, with the aim of promoting scientific, speculative and historico- critical studies of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Also to promote Marian devotion, the Academy has been connected, from the beginning, with the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith.
The United Nations has launched an investigation into allegations of sexual abuse and the exploitation of vulnerable women by members of its staff in Uganda's drought-stricken northeastern Karamoja region. The inquiry by the UN's Office of Internal Oversight Services, which began early this month, follows allegations by a whistleblower of sexual abuse and exploitation by a United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) staffer against a "female victim" - and a more general pattern of serious sexual misconduct by other UN staff working in what is Uganda's poorest region. The allegations centre on the World Food Programme compound in the town of Moroto, and involve UN staff demanding sex from local women in exchange for food, and the hiring of sex workers who are brought onto the UN base, several UN personnel in Moroto told The New Humanitarian, speaking on condition of anonymity. Staff of several UN agencies stay in the WFP compound, which provides office space and sleeping quarters in a region where more than 500,000 people are facing food shortages. "We have been informed of the allegations made against UN staff residing at the compound managed by WFP in Moroto and are investigating," Amanda Lawrence-Brown, WFP's Nai- robi-based regional spokesperson, told TNH. "There is no place for any form of sexual harassment, exploitation, or abuse at the World Food Programme, including by non-WFP staff residing at compounds managed by WFP in the field," she said. Lawrence-Brown noted that for security reasons she could not divulge how many UN staff stay at the base, but said WFP is also investigating any breaches of security protocols. Private guards at the compound are supposed to vet all visitors to the base, she added. 'Immediate suspension' In response to the allegations of sexual abuse and misconduct by staff in Moroto, Rosa Malango, the UN's resident coordinator in Uganda, sent an email to all UN heads of agencies earlier this month. "I look forward to the updates from UN heads on action taken so far including the immediate suspension of staff pending the conclusions of inves- tigations," Malango said in her email, which TNH has seen. "Internal procedures are under way and we cannot comment until the facts have been established," Malango told TNH separately this week. "These are allegations which need to be investigated." Malango emphasised that the UN has a zero-tolerance approach to sexual harassment and abuse, and said the "concerned agencies are dealing with the issue". In an email sent to TNH entitled, "Uganda the next Haiti for the UN", a group of UN staff condemned Malango for her message to the agency heads. The group, whose members were unidentified, claimed that Malango's note contained "confidential and sen- sitive information" that should "never have been circulated to internal email groups". The email, sent to TNH via a private gmail account, accused Malango of playing internal UN politics as part of an alleged attempt to "divert from her own incompetence". The Haiti reference in the title of the email was possibly a nod to the Oxfam scandal when the British NGO was accused of covering up claims staff sexually exploited victims of the 2010 earthquake. Malango said her note to UN agency heads should not have been shared externally. Karamoja was the centre of an earlier UN scandal. In 2019, at least four people died and nearly 300 others became unwell after eating WFP fortified cereal. The agency was accused of negligence. Semi-arid Karamoja, on the border with Kenya, is Uganda's least- developed region, where one in three children are stunted as a result of poor nutrition.
The Catholic Campaign for Human Development (CCHD), the domestic anti- poverty program of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (USCCB), has named Kyrstin Weiler of the Diocese of Belle- ville as the national winner of the 2019-2020 Creating on the Margins contest. Kyrstin's three-dimensional art piece entitled "Trapped Under a Bro- ken Roof" and her accompanying essay highlighted the systemic realities of poverty in the U.S. and the impact of CCHD- supported organizations who empower communities to address its root causes. This year's theme, "More Than a Roof," focused on homelessness and access to affordable housing. As the winner of the national contest, Kyrstin will receive a $500 cash award and a $500 gift to be designated in her name to a CCHD-funded organization of her choice. Kyrstin's artwork was created as an assignment in her eighth-grade class at St. Joseph Catholic School and submitted to the national contest by the Diocese of Bel- leville. "The Church teaches us that each and every person should have the opportunity to go home to a safe place that fills us with a sense of comfort at the end of the day," Kyrstin reflected on her artwork. Bishop David G. O'Connell, auxiliary bishop of Los Angeles and chairman of the USCCB's Subcommittee on the Catholic Campaign for Human Development said, "The Creating on the Margins contest is a great example of how to engage young people in the so- cial mission of the Church. The transformative education cen- tral to this contest invites a new generation of Catholics to understand the power of CCHD, UN staff in Uganda accused of sexual abuse and exploitation especially as we celebrate our 50th anniversary this year." "Kyrstin's artwork captures the complex realities facing many in our communities who struggle to find access to safe, affordable housing and her written reflections emphasize the important role of CCHD- funded organizations in addressing the realities of poverty," said Ralph McCloud, director of the Catholic Campaign for Human Development. The annual Creating on the Margins contest is organized by CCHD and co-sponsored by the National Federation for Catholic Youth Ministry (NFCYM). It is a tool for schools and parishes to engage Catholics in grades 7- 12 in learning about the root causes of poverty and the Church's response. The contest theme for 2020- 2021 is "Rebuilding Together at the Margins" and was chosen to highlight the social and economic disparities revealed by the COVID-19 pandemic and how we can build just structu- res that allow all communities to thrive. More information and contest materials can be found at www.usccb.org/youthcontest.
The fingers of Ahmed's left hand were covered in cuts as he sat in a café in August on the Tunisian archipelago of Kerkennah. The palm tree-dotted islands resting in the blue waters of the Mediterranean are known for fishing, but also for migration to Italy - and the two intersect. Ahmed, 17, the son of an octopus fisherman, had put his hand through a window the night before because his parents wouldn't let him pilot a boat to Lampedusa - an Italian island that lies nearer the African coast than mainland Italy and has attracted a surge in migrant arrivals. "I drive the boat with my dad, so why not?" Ahmed said. "When I am here, I am frustrated, I am angry, I want to leave." Young men with some knowledge of the sea - like Ahmed - have come to play an important role in the recent exodus. They pilot small boats, which are usually destined for fishing, on a one-way journey to Italy, unlike the boats in previous years that would return to Tunisia after delivering larger groups of up to 100 passengers. Years of declining yields have strained the financial viability of the fishing industry on Kerkennah, and all along the Tunisian coast. Fishermen on the islands told The New Humanitarian that fish are smaller, less abundant, and further away from the coast now than they were in the past - a trend that has accelerated over the past decade. This is consistent with an overall decline in the population of fisheries in the Mediterranean since the 1990s. Seventy-eight percent of fish stocks in the sea are over-exploited or depleted, including tuna, hake, and red mullet, according to a 2018 report by the UN's Food and Agricultural Organization. At the same time, Tunisia is experiencing a long and grinding economic crisis that has worsened recently due to the coronavirus pandemic - a situation that has beenpushing more and more people to migrate. Tunisian migration had until recently been overshadowed by much larger numbers of people departing from Libya, but Tunisia now rivals Libya as the main point of departure. So far this year, more than 8,400 Tunisians have crossed the Mediterranean by boat to Italy - accounting for over 40 percent of arrivals - compared to just over 2,600 in all of 2019. The organisers of these journeys offer high prices for fishing boats, and they allow young fishermen who don't see a future in the country to migrate for free if they're willing to pilot the vessels across the sea. "Smuggling has benefited from the fishing crisis," Romdhane Ben Amor, communications officer at the Tunisian Forum for Social and Economic Rights [FTDES], a non- governmental organisation, told TNH. "They [the organisers] have an easy boat; they have the driver of the boat with all the knowledge - the hours, the weather, everything. It is a sector in crisis, so it is easy to take advantage of." 'I don't even want him to see the sea' At the root of Ahmed's anger is a feeling of being trapped. He is the only son of protective parents, and his father pays for him to study extra with tutors so he can do well in school and avoid entering the struggling fishing industry. "Sometimes the sea gives you fish - it is on your side - and sometimes the sea isn't with you," said Ahmed, who has helped on his father's boat for the last two years. Still, he doesn't see the point of excelling in school. "You will just get a degree, and then you won't get a job," he said. His cousin recently piloted a small wooden fishing boat carrying 16 passengers toLampedusa, about 140 kilometres from Kerkennah. Ahmed has been chatting with him on Facebook Messenger and wants to follow in his wake. "My cousin was the captain of the boat, so why not me?" he asked. Some people in Tunisia's fishing communities steer clear of the migra- tion trade because of potential legal consequences or moral objections, but during these tough economic times it can be a financial lifeline. Said, a 21-year-old fisherman from the coastal town of Mahres, south of Kerkennah, delivered two boatloads of migrants to Italy in 2016, when bigger vessels would drop people off and return to Tunisia. "Someone came to ask my dad [a fisherman], and he said 'no'," Said recalled. "Then the family was having a hard time, so I decided to go myself." In two weeks, he earned 29,000 dinars ($10,582) - a fraction of what the smugglers would have collected from the 138 passengers, but a considerable sum in a country where the average wage is 800 dinars per month ($292). In Mahres, Samir Ben Cheikha said none of the fishermen in the town want their sons to take up the trade. Ben Cheikha won't let his 13-year-old son near his fishing boat, even for leisure. "I don't even want him to see the sea. If we go for a walk on the beach, I tell him, 'No, don't look,'" he said. Ben Cheikha declined an offer of 15,000 Tunisian dinars ($5,473) to ferry migrants to Italy after Tunisia's 2011 revolution and another one of 60,000 dinars ($21,894) to sell his fishing boat - more than double its worth. The only government support available to small-scale fishermen like Ben Cheikha is a 30 percent subsidy on petrol, but even that is hard to access due to the paperwork required. "I am 50 years old, and they [the government] have never given me a dinar," he said. Some fishermen have ended up selling their boats to smugglers, or to migrant groups independently organising their own crossings. Ben Cheikha said some fishermen declare their vessels stolen after the boats have left for Italy, while older fishermen sell them when they retire. The 250 dinar ($91) per month fisherman's pension is hardly enough to afford milk and bread, he explained. Empty nets After five hours at sea, Boulbaba Slama, another fisherman from Mahres, came home with nine kilograms of mullet, and cuts on his hands from the crabs stuck in his kala - a type of net used in shallow water. "It used to be possible to get 50 to 100 kilograms in a kalteen (when you cast the net twice). Now you empty the sea with one kala," he said, sitting in a seafront café with his friends. One reason for the decline in fish stocks is what the fishermen call "the kiss" - an illegal method used to trawl in shallow waters, destroying marine ecosystems by scraping the seabed to extract fish, including ones that haven't reached maturity, according to Jamel Jrijer, marine programme ma- nager at the World Wildlife Fund. Legal fishing boats also regularly disregard restrictions put in place to allow fish stocks to replenish. For example, trawlers - industrial fishing boats with dragging nets - are supposed to fish in at least 50 metres of water, and stop work for the summer months to give the sea a "biological rest", said Jrijer. "There are many boats and there is no control," said Mohamed Azzedine, president of the Al Baraka Fisherman's Association on Kerken- nah, adding that illegal fishing practices have increased since the 2011 revolution, with trawlers sometimes fishing in waters that are only four metres deep. The arrival of blue crab to the wa- ters near Tunisia sometime around 2013 has also created major problems. It is an invasive species in the Mediterranean - with no known predators and a high reproductive rate - that destroys fishing nets and crowds out local species. Tunisian fishermen have nicknamed it Daesh, the Arabic acronym of the so-called Islamic State, because of the damage it is causing. "It's a terrorist," Mahdi Hajj Sessi, a 39-year-old fisherman from Kerken- nah, told TNH. "It leaves nothing. It eats the fish, the shrimp; it destroys the net; it destroys everything." On top of this, as Tunisia's unemployment rate climbs - currently it's at 18 percent overall and 36 per- cent among youth - more people are turning to fishing as a way to earn a bit of money while out of work, increasing competition for the sea's declining resources. It might not bring in much, but "it's instant cash", explained Azzedine. Migration makes a lot of people work' Compared to fishing, the migration business is booming, with various groups of people getting their take for the different roles they play. "[Migration] makes a lot of people work," said 45-year-old Kaouther Megdish, who is from a fishing family in Alataya, a town on Kerkennah where boats often leave for Lampedusa. "The little boys monitor the roads that take people to the sea," she said. "There is the other boy who disables the streetlights, and the women who make food for the clandestines [as they wait to leave]." There's a high demand for boats and captains as well. In the past, large fishing boats used to carry 100 or more people to Italy at a time. Now, surveillance has increased, and peo- ple usually opt for smaller boats that have a better chance of passing undetected, according to the fishermen. "Most of the passengers of migrant boats are from outside of Kerkennah, but the captain is generally a Kerkennian," a navy officer from the islands who declined to give his name told TNH. If the boats get intercepted, the skipper will "throw the compass in the water and say, 'I don't know what I'm doing'," because driving a migrant boat can carry a seven-year prison sentence, he added. Said, who once tried to migrate himself, only to be sent back by the Italian authorities, said the smaller boats are more dangerous and he didn't want to go to Italy as a captain on one of them. Choosing to stay in Tunisia, his options are scarce. He can earn 10 dinars ($3.65) a day fishing with legal methods, but his monthly earnings range from nothing to 200 dinars ($73), depending on the haul. When he works on a trawler that uses "the kiss", he can earn 30-40 Tunisian dinars ($10.95-$14.60) per day. Said told TNH he doesn't like to do it - although he still does sometimes - because he considers the money haram, or immoral. To supplement his earnings from fishing, Said fights illegal boxing mat- ches and rides unlicensed motorbikes from Tunis, the capital, to Mahres to deliver them to owners who don't want to take the risk themselves. He used the money he earned from the two Lampedusa trips he piloted in 2016 to buy a boat - which he gave to his father - and a piece of land, which he hasn't done anything with yet. He's now thinking of trying his hand at growing olives or tending sheep. "I don't want problems. I just want a nor- mal, tranquil life," he said. Fishing isn't a sustainable option, he added, because "the sea is dead".
The President of the Republic, Fé lix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo invited the government, particularly the ministers concerned to continue the efforts already undertaken to enforce the regulations in force on the exercise of small trade and retail trade in the DRC, during the 48th meeting of the Council of Ministers held by videoconference on Friday, in Kins- hasa. According to the Minister of State, Minister in charge of Commu- nication and Media and government spokesman, David-Jolino Diwampovesa-Makelele, the Head of State instructed the national executive to involve the employers' associations concerned in their actions in the preparation of proposals for reform projects made necessary by the contingencies of the day. It should be remembered that these texts sometimes reserve the exclusivity of the exercise of small trade and retail trade to the Congolese, sometimes prohibit producers, importers and wholesalers from exercising the retail trade, in order to promote national entrepreneurship and the emergence of a Congolese middle class, a pledge of the integrated development of our country. The relaxations made there exceptionally concern certain sectors such as gas stations, supermarkets, restaurants, hotels, etc. However, in practice, we see that the large importers and other wholesalers, mostly foreign, continue to operate in the retail trade and small business in defiance of the texts in force granting this exclusivity to nationals. This si- tuation, which suffocates the Congolese working in these sectors, is likely to endanger social peace and the blossoming of a national middle class. Last week, the Association of Distributors and Operators of Cold Rooms in Congo staged a protest march to denounce unfair competition among heads of importers, most of whom are foreign subjects. She demanded that importers of fresh and dry food should no longer be able to practice retail sales throughout the country, in order to protect small businesses, which are reserved for nationals. Establishment soon of the National Implementation Committee of the ZLECAF The draft ordinance establishing the National Implementation Committee for the African Continental Free Trade Area in the DRC (CN-ZLECAF) was adopted at the 48th meeting of the Council of Ministers. This initiative of the Minister of Foreign Trade, follows the decision of the African Continental Free Trade Area (ZLECAF) which asked member countries "to create National Committees of the ZLECAF in order to ensure meaningful participation of stakeholders and to achieve the for- mulation of national strategies for free trade and the strengthening of intra- African trade ". It was since March 6 that the government, meeting in the Council of Ministers, decided to set up the "National Implementation Committee of the ZLECAF" which will include three bodies namely, the Coor- dination, the Technical Council and the Executive Secretariat. This committee will be responsible for ensuring the strategic coordination and monitoring and evaluation of the implementation of the African Conti- nental Free Trade Area (ZLECAF) in the Democratic Republic of Congo.
The reporter of the Defense and Security Committee of the Natio- nal Assembly, the national MP Juvé- nal Munobo, on behalf of the president of the lower house, presented the message of peace and comfort to the battered population of Ituri province, following talks he had in his office, with the governor ai of this province, Martin Chalo Dudu "We bring a mes- sage of peace and comfort. It is a wounded population and it needs comfort. And the best comfort is the security measures that will bring about the change that will make Ituri live in peace, "he said. Juvénal Munobo who is accompanied by some members of this mission of the National Assembly, indicated that it is time to restore Ituri to its initial destination of an agro-pas- toral province because, he pointed out , it is capable not only of feeding Ituri but also the other provinces. "We came a bit like the messengers of peace and together with the nationals of Ituri, we will see to what extent we propose suitable so- lutions," he concluded. This com- mission along with other senior officials of the country's security apparatus arrive in Ituri in a worrying security context with the cases of massacres on peaceful populations orchestrated by negative forces, the last case of which dates back to last Wednesday when fifty-eight (58) people were cowardly murdered in the Banyali-Tchabi chiefdom located in Irumu territory, it was pointed out.
The arrival of the Deputy Prime Minister in charge of the Homeland, Security and Customary Affairs, Gilbert Kankonde in the town of Bunia in Ituri, initially scheduled on Friday, is postponed to a later date , informs an official press release from the communication unit of the provin- cial governorate reached the at the press on Saturday. According to the source, an official delegation from the government team as well as the Superior Defense Council dispatched by the President of the Republic, Fé- lix Antoine Tshisekedi Tshilombo to resolve the issue relating to disarmament, demobilization and community reintegration ( DDR-C), are already in the town of Bunia. "A few of them, already present in this city, have set to work to make this process a success," said the same source. On the other hand, the governor Jean Bamanisa Saïdi, indicates the press release, continues to take an active part in the important discussions which are continuing at the level of the government of the Republic with the bilateral and multilateral partners involved in the support program for DDR-C, in order to reduce social and security problems in the eastern part of the DRC.
Jesus always had compassion, Pope Francis recalled during his September 13, 2020, Angelus address to the faithful gathered in St. Peter's Square. He drew his comments from the day's Gospel, Mt. 18:21-35, the parable of the indebted servant and master. "The heart of the parable is the in- dulgence the master shows towards his servant with the bigger debt," Pope Francis said. "How much suffering, how many wounds, how many wars could be avoided if forgiveness and mercy were the style of our life! "Even in families, even in families. How many families are disunited, who do not know how to forgive each other. How many brothers and sisters bear resentment within. It is necessary to apply merciful love to all human relationships: between spouses, between parents and children, within our communities, in the Church, and also in society and politics." Following is the full address of the Holy Father, provided by the Vatican: Dear brothers and sisters, good day! In the parable in today's Gospel reading, that of the merciful King (see Mt 18:21-35), twice we find this plea: "Be patient with me, and I will pay you back in full" (vv. 26, 29). The first time it is pronounced by the servant who owes his master ten thousand talents, an enormous sum. Today it would be millions and millions of dollars. The second time it is repeated by another servant of the same master. He too is in debt, not towards the master, but towards the same servant who has that enormous debt. And his debt is very small, maybe a week's wages. The heart of the parable is the in- dulgence the master shows towards his servant with the bigger debt. The evangelist underlines that "moved with compassion the master"- we should never forget this word of Jesus: "Have compassion", Jesus always had com- mission - "moved with compassion the master let him go and forgave him the loan" (v. 27). An enormous debt, therefore a huge remission! But that servant, immediately afterward, showed himself to be pitiless towards his companion, who owed him a modest sum. He does not listen to him, he is extremely hostile against him and has him thrown in prison until he has paid his debt (see v. 30). The master hears about this and, outraged, calls the wicked servant back and has him condemned (see vv. 32-34). "I forgave you a great deal and you are not capable of forgiving so little?" In the parable, we find two different attitudes: God's - represented by the king who forgives a lot, because God always forgives - and the human person's. The divine attitude is justice pervaded with mercy, whereas the human attitude is limited to justice. Jesus exhorts us to open ourselves with courage to the strength of forgiveness because in life not everything can be resolved with jus- tice. We know this. There is a need for that merciful love, which is also at the basis of the Lord's answer to Peter's question, which precedes the parable. Peter's question goes like this: "Lord, if my brother sins against me, how often must I forgive him?" (v. 21). And Jesus replies, "I say to you, not seven times but seventy-seven times" (v. 22). In the symbolic language of the Bible, this means that we are called to forgive always. How much suffering, how many wounds, how many wars could be avoided if forgiveness and mercy were the style of our life! Even in families, even in families. How many families are disunited, who do not know how to forgive each other. How many brothers and sisters bear resentment within. It is necessary to apply merciful love to all human relationships: between spouses, between parents and children, within our communities, in the Church, and also in society and politics. Today as we were celebrating the Mass, I stopped; I was touched by a phrase in the first reading from the book of Wisdom. The phrase says, remember your end and stop hating. A beautiful phrase. But think of the end. Just think, you will be in a coffin… and will you take your hatred there? Think that in the end, you can stop hating and resenting. Let's think of this phrase that is very touching. Remember your end and stop hating. It is not easy to forgive because although in moments of calm we think "Yes, this person has done so many things to me but I have done many too. Better to forgive so as to be forgiven", but then resentment returns like a bothersome fly in the summer that keeps coming back. Forgiveness isn't something we do in a moment, it is something continuous, against that resentment, that hatred that keeps coming back. Let's think of our end and stop hating. Today's parable helps us to grasp fully the meaning of that phrase we recite in the Lord's Prayer: "And forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us" (see Mt 6:12). These words contain a decisive truth. We cannot demand God's forgiveness for ourselves if we in turn do not grant forgiveness to our neighbor. It is a condition. Think of your end, of God's forgiveness, and stop hating. Reject resentment, that bothersome fly that keeps coming back. If we do not strive to forgive and to love, we will not be forgiven and loved either. Let us entrust ourselves to the maternal intercession of the Mother of God: May she help us to realize how much we are in debt to God, and to remember that always, so that our hearts may be open to mercy and goodness. After the Angelus, the Holy Father continued: Dear brothers and sisters! In recent days, a series of fires have devastated the refugee camp of Moria on the Island of Lesbos, leaving thousands of people without shelter, even a precarious one. I still remember my visit there and the appeal I launched together with the Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew and Archbishop Ieronymos of Athens, to "do our part towards giving mi- grants, refugees and asylum seekers a humane and dignified welcome in Europe" (16 April 2016). I express my solidarity and closeness to all the victims of these dramatic events. In addition, in these weeks we are witnessing numerous popular protests all over the world - in many parts - expressing the growing unease of ci- vil society in the face of particularly critical political and social situations. While I urge the demonstrators to present their demands peacefully, without giving in to the temptation of aggression and violence, I appeal to all those with public and governmental responsibilities to listen to the voice of their fellow citizens and to meet their just aspirations, ensuring full res- pect for human rights and civil liberties. Finally, I invite the ecclesial communities living in such contexts, under the guidance of their Pastors, to work for dialogue, always in favor of dialogue, and in favor of reconciliation - we have talked about forgiveness, reconciliation. Due to the pandemic, this year the traditional Collection for the Holy Land has been moved from Good Friday to today, the eve of the Feast of the Exaltation of the Holy Cross. In today's context, this Collection is an even greater sign of hope and solidarity with the Christians living in the land where God became flesh and died and rose again for us. Today we make a spiritual pilgrimage, in spirit, in our imagination, with the heart, to Jerusalem, where, as the Psalm says, are our sources (cf. Ps 87:7), and we make a gesture of generosity towards those communities. I greet you all, Roman faithful and pilgrims from various countries. In particular, I greet the cyclists suffering from Parkinson's disease who have traveled the Via Francigena from Pavia to Rome. You have been fast! Thank you for your witness. I greet the Madonna Addolorata Confraternity of Monte Castello di Vibio. I see that there is also a Laudato si' Community: thank you for what you do; and thank you for the meeting yesterday here, with Carlìn Petrini and all the leaders who are going forward in this struggle for the protection of creation. I greet all of you, all of you, especially the Italian families who in August dedicated themselves to the hospitality of pilgrims. They are many of them! I wish you all a good Sunday. Please do not forget to pray for me. Have a good lunch and arrivederci!